The South Asian Life & Times - SALT   
  Summer 2013          



 Summer 2013


Editor's Note


 Adventure & Sport
 Celebrating Everest

 Everest Turns 60
 The First Ascent

 The Summit Route

 Five Ultimate Everest

 The Sherpas

 Apa Sherpa-21 Times
 on Everest

 100 Years of Indian

 Early Pioneers

 Satyajit Ray

 Mani Kaul

 Dr A T Ariyaratne

 Lt Gen Jack Jacob

 Tara Bhattacharjee

 Ashok Vajpeyi 

Into Thin Air

 Coronation Everest

 Odyssey in War &








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Hillary & Tenzing – Climbing into the Unknown

Hillary first visited the Himalaya in 1951 as a member of an expedition led by Eric Shipton. Together, they showed that it would be possible to climb Everest from the southwest up the Khumbu icefall and into the Western Cwm. The earlier attempts were all from the north side through Tibet. The following year, in 1952, Raymond Lambert and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay, as part of a Swiss expedition, pioneered a route up the steep Lhotse face, reaching the South Col at 28,000 feet. This was Tenzing’s sixth time on Everest. The familiarity with the mountain no doubt helped Tenzing immensely the following year when he, together with Hillary, stood on top of the highest mountain in the world.

The 1953 British expedition led by Col John Hunt was a massive teamwork of over 400 individuals. In their gradual but steady approach towards the summit, they set up nine camps – compared to the four that are required today. Hillary had a narrow escape while moving loads up to camp III, when he plunged into a crevasse, and was saved by Tenzing.  

The first pair of climbers sent to the summit during the 1953 expedition “turned back 330 feet short of the top, low on oxygen.”  John Hunt then sent Hillary and Tenzing. They spent the night of May 28/29 at Camp IX - 1,000 feet from the summit and 2,000 feet higher than today's highest camp on the same route. They left at four o'clock in the morning, making their way cautiously to the South summit.


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